The Strait of Hormuz, the Arabian Sea, Indonesia and Sri Lanka
By METELLUS, Johannes , 1601

Ormus / [Persian Gulf, coasts of Arabia, Iran, Pakistan] / [Maldives, Ceylon/Sri Lanka] / Sumatra

Arabia Asia
  • Author: METELLUS, Johannes
  • Publication place: Coloniæ Agrippinaæ
  • Publisher: excudebat Ioann. Christophori
  • Publication date: 1601
  • Physical description: Engraved map
  • Inventory reference: 3381


Four maps showing (clockwise): the Strait of Hormuz (Ormus), the Arabian Sea, Indonesia (Java and Sumatra), and Sri Lanka. Ormus was a kingdom in the Persian Gulf which was occupied by the Portuguese from 1515 to 1622. It was a key strategic possession because it controlled the Strait of Hormuz, the only sea passage from the Persian Gulf into the Arabian Sea.

These maps appear in the ‘Insularum orbis aliquot insularum’ by Johannes Metellus. It stands out as a northern European contribution to the tradition of ‘isolari’, or ‘island books’, that has its origins in the manuscript Mediterranean chart books of the fifteenth century, and in the printed works of Sonetti, Bordone, and Porcacchi.

Johannes Metellus (Jean Matal) (1520–1597) was a Burgundian scholar in law and geography. He originally worked in Bologna, where he assisted with the publication of Lelio Torelli’s encyclopaedia, before travelling over Europe, meeting the cartographer Abraham Ortelius in the process, and settling in Cologne by 1563. Through his connection with Ortelius and the publisher Christophe Plantijn, Metellus contributed to some of the most important cartographic works of the period. He provided material for a new edition of Ortelius’ best-selling atlas ‘Theatrum Orbis Terrarum;, passed Gerard Mercator information in 1577 about an expedition to Mexico, and is thanked in the introduction to Michael Eitzinger’s famous ‘Leo Belgicus’. He also wrote the description of Lyon in the first volume of Braun and Hogenburg’s ‘Civitatis Orbis Terrarum’, and a preface to volume two of the same work.

By the time his isolario was published in 1601, the genre had developed into a complex mixture of atlas, travel narrative and tourist guide. Despite the publication of more comprehensive cartographical works like Ortelius’ atlas, they remained resolutely popular, although the extension of the range of Metellus’ work beyond the traditional Mediterranean limits suggests an attempt to follow contemporary interest. His own work borrowed heavily from the Italian cartographic tradition of the so-called ‘Laferi School’. This is particularly evident in the present work – his final atlas, where at least half of the maps are not very well disguised copies of those of Giuseppe Rosaccio.


  1. Zacharakis 2171–2184.
  2. Meurer, Peter, 'Atlantes Coloniensis: Die Kölner Schule der Atlaskartographie 1570–1620', Cologne, 1988, pp. 162–167 and 190–192, Met 10. c.f. Cervoni 21