The final phase of the Peninsular War
By LUFFMAN, John , 1813

A Map of the Western Pyrenees Mount[ai]ns and adjacent country, from Bayonne to St. Sebastian, Vittoria, Bilbao, Pameluna, and Jacca; With the Bearings & Distances from Bayonne, as also, the Passes and Roads

Europe Spain & Portugal
  • Author: LUFFMAN, John
  • Publication place: London
  • Publisher: John Luffman
  • Publication date: 1813.
  • Physical description: Engraved map, hand coloured.
  • Dimensions: 195 by 385mm. (7.75 by 15.25 inches).
  • Inventory reference: 11348


John Luffman (1751-1821) was one of the more interesting English publishers of the first decade of the nineteenth century; he began his career as an engraver, trained by John Bayly, a noted map engraver in the Goldsmiths’ Company, producing a fine map of Antigua, where had resided in 1787 and 1789; however, and this was a common fate for engraver-mapmakers, he was declared bankrupt on 9th March, 1793, the bankruptcy certified on 21st December, 1793, and a dividend paid on 1st March, 1794. Although he continued in business, he was more cautious thereafter, restricting himself to producing small format atlases and handy-sized map of the theatres of war, principal towns and cities and battle-plans relating to the Wars of the French directorate and subsequent Napoleonic War.

Having engraved a good number of maps, Luffman later reprinted them as atlases, for example Luffman’s collection, or a geographical & topographical atlas (1815-1816) and Plans of the principal fortresses in the Netherlands and on the French frontier … (1816); the Newberry Library exemplar noted below seems to be from one such composite collection.

This attractive map depicts the final phase of the Peninsular War, in which the Anglo-Portuguese army, commanded by the Duke of Wellington, having fought its way up through Spain, sought to cross the Pyrenees into southern France.


  1. Unrecorded on COPAC
  2. British Museum, Department of Prints & Drawings, 1917,1208.4056
  3. Newberry Library (Chicago) folio Ayer 135 .L94 1816 pl. [27]: bound in Luffman's Select plans of cities, harbours, forts, &c ... [1816?], but not called for in the original edition.