Engraved chart of Shanghai's Huangpu River

China Sea Spingapore Keppel Harbour (Attention is called to Notice to Mariners No.1 of each year) Surveyed by Commander A. Mostyn Fiel, R.N.; Assisted by Lieutts. H.E. Purey Cust, W. Pudsey Dawson, W. Van Sittart Howard, E.B. Kiddle, F.C. Learmouth & Mr. J. Merret, Gunner, R.N. H.M. Surveying Ship ‘Egeria’, 1891. Salant Sinki re-sounded by by Comr. F.M. Walter & the Officers of H.M. Surveying Ship “Mertin”, 1907. Lagoon Dock & Tanjong Pagar from plans by the Singapore Harbour Board to 1915.

Asia China
  • Publication place: London
  • Publisher: Published at the Admiralty
  • Publication date: New Edition 27th Dec., 1922. Small corrections to 1923.
  • Physical description: Engraved chart, including tidal information, compass roses, soundings, seabed notations, currents, sandbanks, shoals, lighthouses and beacons picked out in yellow and red, inland elevations and detailing, buildings.
  • Dimensions: 710 by 1040mm. (28 by 41 inches).
  • Inventory reference: 1349


Detailed chart of Shanghai’s Huangpu River from Fuxingdao Canal to Longhua Chiang.

The British Hydrographic Office was founded in 1795 by George III, who appointed Alexander Dalrymple as the first Hydrographer to the Admiralty. The first charts were produced in 1800. Unlike the U. S. Coast Survey the Hydrographic Office was given permission to sell charts to the public and they produced a great number of sea charts covering every corner of the globe. Most of the Admiralty charts produced by the Hydrographic Office delineated coastline as well as high and low water marks and record depth of water as established by soundings. In addition these charts included information on shoals, reefs, and other navigational hazards that plagued mariners across the world. Thanks to the innovations of Sir Francis Beaufort, who developed the Beaufort Scale of wind strength, the British Hydrographic Office became one of the leading producers of sea charts. In fact, such was their accuracy that the phrase ‘Safe as an Admiralty Chart’ was coined.